It is 400 years since Sir Henry Wotton’s embassy from King James I to the Most Serene Republic brought the first Anglican Chaplain, Nathaniel Fletcher, to Venice in 1604/5. Anglican Chaplains always accompanied both resident and extraordinary diplomatic missions until the Venetian Republic was ended by Napoleon. After the Congress of Vienna, Great Britain established a consulate in Venice and Anglican services were held there by visiting clergy. In 1842, the Diocese of Gibraltar was established to oversee the permanent chaplaincies and to provide visiting clergy for English-speaking communities in the Mediterranean area. At the time of the unification of Italy, Rev. John Davies Mereweather, Cavaliere della Corona dÂ’Italia, settled in Venice and held Anglican services in his flat in Palazzo Contarini-Corfu until 1887. In 1888 a committee of English residents was formed, with two clergy and the Bishop of Gibraltar, to establish a permanent chaplaincy in Venice. Its members were Sir Henry Layard, Horatio Brown and Alexander Malcolm. The present Church was given to the Diocese and dedicated in 1892.